3 Essentials of Landscape Design

An attractive landscape improves the appearance of any home or business. To achieve eye-catching results with your urban landscape, start with landscape design Pittsburgh. There are three elements commonly considered when designing the landscape for a property.

1. Size Considerations

The size of objects within the landscape is one crucial component. Designers consider the mass of filled spaces and empty spaces. The key to an attractive design is a balance between the two. Planting beds, groups of plants and ornamental trees must also be an appropriate size in relation to the surrounding environment. Objects of varying size create visual appeal at every level.

2. Design Flow

As in sculpture, the flow of a design is determined by its lines. The purpose of a line is to draw the eye from one area of interest to another. A formal landscape has straight lines and right angles. Plantings are arranged in uniformly neat rows or hedges. Less formal, natural-looking landscapes are created with circular patterns and soft curves. Walkways strongly influence the flow of a design. A meandering stone path invites you to stroll in a relaxed way, while a straight brick path encourages you to move from point to point.

3. Expressive Shapes

The shape of objects within the landscape gives it its unique form. A landscape’s form determines its overall effect. Rectangular or square forms reflect formality, whereas circles or ovals create a more relaxed, natural feel. An open grassy area with a bench or a water feature offers a place to pause and reflect.

After the basic design is in place, the designer adds interest by choosing a harmonious blend of plants and flowers. Different colors and textures add beauty to a solid design. Whether formal or informal, rows of perfect roses or mounds of cheery daylilies, every great landscape starts with a carefully planned design.